Festus then, having arrived in the province, three days later went up to Jerusalem from Caesarea.
And the chief priests and the leading men of the Jews brought charges against Paul, and they were urging him,
requesting a concession against Paul, that he might have him brought to Jerusalem (at the same time, setting an ambush to kill him on the way).
Festus then answered that Paul was being kept in custody at Caesarea and that he himself was about to leave shortly.
"Therefore,' he said, "let the influential men among you go there with me, and if there is anything wrong about the man, let them prosecute him.'
After he had spent not more than eight or ten days among them, he went down to Caesarea, and on the next day he took his seat on the tribunal and ordered Paul to be brought.
After Paul arrived, the Jews who had come down from Jerusalem stood around him, bringing many and serious charges against him which they could not prove,
while Paul said in his own defense, " I have committed no offense either against the Law of the Jews or against the temple or against Caesar.'
But Festus, wishing to do the Jews a favor, answered Paul and said, " Are you willing to go up to Jerusalem and stand trial before me on these charges?'
But Paul said, "I am standing before Caesar's tribunal, where I ought to be tried. I have done no wrong to the Jews, as you also very well know.
"If, then, I am a wrongdoer and have committed anything worthy of death, I do not refuse to die; but if none of those things is true of which these men accuse me, no one can hand me over to them. I appeal to Caesar.'
Then when Festus had conferred with his council, he answered, "You have appealed to Caesar, to Caesar you shall go.'
Now when several days had elapsed, King Agrippa and Bernice arrived at Caesarea and paid their respects to Festus.
While they were spending many days there, Festus laid Paul's case before the king, saying, "There is a man who was left as a prisoner by Felix;
and when I was at Jerusalem, the chief priests and the elders of the Jews brought charges against him, asking for a sentence of condemnation against him.
"I answered them that it is not the custom of the Romans to hand over any man before the accused meets his accusers face to face and has an opportunity to make his defense against the charges.
"So after they had assembled here, I did not delay, but on the next day took my seat on the tribunal and ordered the man to be brought before me.
"When the accusers stood up, they began bringing charges against him not of such crimes as I was expecting,
but they simply had some points of disagreement with him about their own religion and about a dead man, Jesus, whom Paul asserted to be alive.
" Being at a loss how to investigate such matters, I asked whether he was willing to go to Jerusalem and there stand trial on these matters.
"But when Paul appealed to be held in custody for the Emperor's decision, I ordered him to be kept in custody until I send him to Caesar.'
Then Agrippa said to Festus, "I also would like to hear the man myself.' "Tomorrow,' he said, "you shall hear him.'
So, on the next day when Agrippa came together with Bernice amid great pomp, and entered the auditorium accompanied by the commanders and the prominent men of the city, at the command of Festus, Paul was brought in.
Festus said, "King Agrippa, and all you gentlemen here present with us, you see this man about whom all the people of the Jews appealed to me, both at Jerusalem and here, loudly declaring that he ought not to live any longer.
"But I found that he had committed nothing worthy of death; and since he himself appealed to the Emperor, I decided to send him.
" Yet I have nothing definite about him to write to my lord. Therefore I have brought him before you all and especially before you, King Agrippa, so that after the investigation has taken place, I may have something to write.
"For it seems absurd to me in sending a prisoner, not to indicate also the charges against him.' 26
Agrippa said to Paul, "You are permitted to speak for yourself.' Then Paul stretched out his hand and proceeded to make his defense:
"In regard to all the things of which I am accused by the Jews, I consider myself fortunate, King Agrippa, that I am about to make my defense before you today;
especially because you are an expert in all customs and questions among the Jews; therefore I beg you to listen to me patiently.
"So then, all Jews know my manner of life from my youth up, which from the beginning was spent among my own nation and at Jerusalem;
since they have known about me for a long time, if they are willing to testify, that I lived as a Pharisee according to the strictest sect of our religion.
"And now I am standing trial for the hope of the promise made by God to our fathers;
the promise to which our twelve tribes hope to attain, as they earnestly serve God night and day. And for this hope, O King, I am being accused by Jews.
"Why is it considered incredible among you people if God does raise the dead?
"So then, I thought to myself that I had to do many things hostile to the name of Jesus of Nazareth.
"And this is just what I did in Jerusalem; not only did I lock up many of the saints in prisons, having received authority from the chief priests, but also when they were being put to death I cast my vote against them.
"And as I punished them often in all the synagogues, I tried to force them to blaspheme; and being furiously enraged at them, I kept pursuing them even to foreign cities.
" While so engaged as I was journeying to Damascus with the authority and commission of the chief priests,
at midday, O King, I saw on the way a light from heaven, brighter than the sun, shining all around me and those who were journeying with me.
"And when we had all fallen to the ground, I heard a voice saying to me in the Hebrew dialect, "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me? It is hard for you to kick against the goads.'
"And I said, "Who are You, Lord?' And the Lord said, "I am Jesus whom you are persecuting.
"But get up and stand on your feet; for this purpose I have appeared to you, to appoint you a minister and a witness not only to the things which you have seen, but also to the things in which I will appear to you;
rescuing you from the Jewish people and from the Gentiles, to whom I am sending you,
to open their eyes so that they may turn from darkness to light and from the dominion of Satan to God, that they may receive forgiveness of sins and an inheritance among those who have been sanctified by faith in Me.'
"So, King Agrippa, I did not prove disobedient to the heavenly vision,
but kept declaring both to those of Damascus first, and also at Jerusalem and then throughout all the region of Judea, and even to the Gentiles, that they should repent and turn to God, performing deeds appropriate to repentance.
"For this reason some Jews seized me in the temple and tried to put me to death.
"So, having obtained help from God, I stand to this day testifying both to small and great, stating nothing but what the Prophets and Moses said was going to take place;
that the Christ was to suffer, and that by reason of His resurrection from the dead He would be the first to proclaim light both to the Jewish people and to the Gentiles.'
While Paul was saying this in his defense, Festus said in a loud voice, "Paul, you are out of your mind! Your great learning is driving you mad.'
But Paul said, "I am not out of my mind, most excellent Festus, but I utter words of sober truth.
"For the king knows about these matters, and I speak to him also with confidence, since I am persuaded that none of these things escape his notice; for this has not been done in a corner.
"King Agrippa, do you believe the Prophets? I know that you do.'
Agrippa replied to Paul, " In a short time you will persuade me to become a Christian.'
And Paul said, " I would wish to God, that whether in a short or long time, not only you, but also all who hear me this day, might become such as I am, except for these chains.'
The king stood up and the governor and Bernice, and those who were sitting with them,
and when they had gone aside, they began talking to one another, saying, " This man is not doing anything worthy of death or imprisonment.'
And Agrippa said to Festus, "This man might have been set free if he had not appealed to Caesar.' 27